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Mental Health Awareness

What is Mental Health?


Present-day, mental health is described by the WHO as:โ€ ...๐˜ข ๐˜ด๐˜ต๐˜ข๐˜ต๐˜ฆ ๐˜ฐ๐˜ง ๐˜ธ๐˜ฆ๐˜ญ๐˜ญ-๐˜ฃ๐˜ฆ๐˜ช๐˜ฏ๐˜จ ๐˜ช๐˜ฏ ๐˜ธ๐˜ฉ๐˜ช๐˜ค๐˜ฉ ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ช๐˜ฏ๐˜ฅ๐˜ช๐˜ท๐˜ช๐˜ฅ๐˜ถ๐˜ข๐˜ญ ๐˜ณ๐˜ฆ๐˜ข๐˜ญ๐˜ช๐˜ป๐˜ฆ๐˜ด ๐˜ฉ๐˜ช๐˜ด ๐˜ฐ๐˜ณ ๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ๐˜ณ ๐˜ฐ๐˜ธ๐˜ฏ ๐˜ข๐˜ฃ๐˜ช๐˜ญ๐˜ช๐˜ต๐˜ช๐˜ฆ๐˜ด, ๐˜ค๐˜ข๐˜ฏ ๐˜ค๐˜ฐ๐˜ฑ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ธ๐˜ช๐˜ต๐˜ฉ ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ฏ๐˜ฐ๐˜ณ๐˜ฎ๐˜ข๐˜ญ ๐˜ด๐˜ต๐˜ณ๐˜ฆ๐˜ด๐˜ด๐˜ฆ๐˜ด ๐˜ฐ๐˜ง ๐˜ญ๐˜ช๐˜ง๐˜ฆ, ๐˜ค๐˜ข๐˜ฏ ๐˜ธ๐˜ฐ๐˜ณ๐˜ฌ ๐˜ฑ๐˜ณ๐˜ฐ๐˜ฅ๐˜ถ๐˜ค๐˜ต๐˜ช๐˜ท๐˜ฆ๐˜ญ๐˜บ ๐˜ข๐˜ฏ๐˜ฅ ๐˜ง๐˜ณ๐˜ถ๐˜ช๐˜ต๐˜ง๐˜ถ๐˜ญ๐˜ญ๐˜บ, ๐˜ข๐˜ฏ๐˜ฅ ๐˜ช๐˜ด ๐˜ข๐˜ฃ๐˜ญ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ต๐˜ฐ ๐˜ฎ๐˜ข๐˜ฌ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ข ๐˜ค๐˜ฐ๐˜ฏ๐˜ต๐˜ณ๐˜ช๐˜ฃ๐˜ถ๐˜ต๐˜ช๐˜ฐ๐˜ฏ ๐˜ต๐˜ฐ ๐˜ฉ๐˜ช๐˜ด ๐˜ฐ๐˜ณ ๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ๐˜ณ ๐˜ค๐˜ฐ๐˜ฎ๐˜ฎ๐˜ถ๐˜ฏ๐˜ช๐˜ต๐˜บโ€ (WHO 2001a, p.1).


Back in the day, Marie Jahoda had a different opinion from the general approach of the times:


โ€œ๐˜›๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ข๐˜ฃ๐˜ด๐˜ฆ๐˜ฏ๐˜ค๐˜ฆ ๐˜ฐ๐˜ง ๐˜ฎ๐˜ฆ๐˜ฏ๐˜ต๐˜ข๐˜ญ ๐˜ช๐˜ญ๐˜ญ๐˜ฏ๐˜ฆ๐˜ด๐˜ด ๐˜ช๐˜ด ๐˜ฏ๐˜ฐ๐˜ต ๐˜ข ๐˜ด๐˜ถ๐˜ง๐˜ง๐˜ช๐˜ค๐˜ช๐˜ฆ๐˜ฏ๐˜ต ๐˜ช๐˜ฏ๐˜ฅ๐˜ช๐˜ค๐˜ข๐˜ต๐˜ฐ๐˜ณ ๐˜ฐ๐˜ง ๐˜ฎ๐˜ฆ๐˜ฏ๐˜ต๐˜ข๐˜ญ ๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ๐˜ข๐˜ญ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ.โ€ (1958, p. 15).


Jahoda was motivated by the one-sidedness of psychological knowledge and felt the urge to define mental health in a different way. She found that it is not enough to lack mental disorder, imbalance, but positive mental health includes the presence of well-being too. (Jahoda, 1958)

Carol Ryff created her 6 factor model of Psychological Well-being based on Jahodaโ€™s theory (Ryff & Keyes, 1995, p.1072):


โ€œ๐—ฆ๐—ฒ๐—น๐—ณ-๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐—ฐ๐—ฒ๐—ฝ๐˜๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฐ๐—ฒ High scorer: Possesses a positive attitude toward the self; acknowledges and accepts multiple aspects of self, including good and bad qualities; feels positive about past life.


๐—ฃ๐—ผ๐˜€๐—ถ๐˜๐—ถ๐˜ƒ๐—ฒ ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐—น๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—ป๐˜€ ๐˜„๐—ถ๐˜๐—ต ๐—ผ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐˜€ High scorer: Has warm, satisfying, trusting relationships with others; is concerned about the welfare of others; capable of strong empathy, affection, and intimacy; understands give and take of human relationships.


๐—”๐˜‚๐˜๐—ผ๐—ป๐—ผ๐—บ๐˜† High scorer: Is self-determining and independent; able to resist social pressures to think and act in certain ways; regulates behaviour from within; evaluates self by personal standards.


๐—˜๐—ป๐˜ƒ๐—ถ๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐—ป๐—บ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐˜๐—ฎ๐—น ๐—บ๐—ฎ๐˜€๐˜๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐˜† High scorer: Has a sense of mastery and competence in managing the environment; controls complex array of external activities; makes effective use of surrounding opportunities; able to choose or create contexts suitable to personal needs and values.


๐—ฃ๐˜‚๐—ฟ๐—ฝ๐—ผ๐˜€๐—ฒ ๐—ถ๐—ป ๐—น๐—ถ๐—ณ๐—ฒ High scorer: Has goals in life and a sense of directedness; feels there is meaning to present and past life; holds beliefs that give life purpose; has aims and objectives for living.


๐—ฃ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐˜€๐—ผ๐—ป๐—ฎ๐—น ๐—ด๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐˜„๐˜๐—ต High scorer: Has a feeling of continued development; sees self as growing and expanding; is open to new experiences; has a sense of realizing his or her potential; sees improvement in self and behaviour over time; is changing in ways that reflect more self-knowledge and effectiveness.โ€

I have shared this model to give a framework that helps to assess your present life situation based on it. Reach out for help if needed or strengthen the areas where you feel the need and consciously bring awareness to appreciate the areas where you are satisfied already.


If you are interested to learn more, ๐™›๐™š๐™š๐™ก ๐™›๐™ง๐™š๐™š ๐™ฉ๐™ค ๐™ง๐™š๐™–๐™˜๐™ ๐™ค๐™ช๐™ฉ ๐™—๐™ฎ ๐™‹๐™ˆ, or join my supportive community of like-minded conscious developers:

https://www.facebook.com/groups/298647221290642

Sources:

Jahoda M. (1958). Current concepts of positive mental health. New York, Basic Books, retrieved from https://archive.org/details/currentconceptso00jaho/page/n13

Ryff, C. D., & Keyes, C. L. M. (1995). The Structure of Psychological Well-Being Revisited. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.69.4.719

WHO (2001a). Strengthening mental health promotion. Geneva, World Health Organization (Fact sheet, No. 220).



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